ACTINOBACTERIA AND ORGANIC FERTILIZERS FOR MANAGEMENT OF THE NEMATODE Scutellonema bradys IN YAM PLANTS
ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro nematicidal effect of metabolites produced by actinobacteria strains, aqueous extracts from fresh and dry biomass of leguminous plants (sunn hemp, pigeon pea and Gliricidia sepium), liquid residue from sisal (Agave sisalana Perrine ex Engelm) and cassava (Manihot esculenta) to control Scutellonema bradys. Strains of actinobacteria and leguminous plants (sunn hemp, pigeon pea and gliricidia) were evaluated against S. bradys in yam plants. Strains AC-92, AC-12, AC-50 and AC-52 showed nematicidal effect against S. bradys under in vitro conditions. The aqueous extracts from the fresh biomass of sunn hemp, gliricidia and pigeon pea are more efficient than the aqueous extracts of the dry biomass of these plants for control of S. bradys under in vitro conditions. The liquid residues from sisal and cassava, in concentrations above 20 %, also have nematicidal effect against S. bradys under in vitro conditions. The green manures (sunn hemp, pigeon pea and gliricídia) and actinobacteria strains, singly or in combination, are effective for the management of S. bradys in yam crop.