ARTICLE - GEORGES HÉBERT AND WOMEN’S PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN BRAZIL

2019-09-18T03:49:33Z (GMT) by CAROLINA JUBÉ

ABSTRACT: In the book Muscle et beauté plastique (1909), dedicated to young French women, Georges Hébert established the concepts of health, beauty and strength oriented to women’s emancipation by means of his Natural Method. This book was read in Brazil by authors from the field of physical education such as Rangel Sobrinho (1930) and Lotte Kretzschmar (1932), who proposed national methods for “women’s physical education”. This article analyzes the principles of women’s education in Hébert’s work and discusses its reception in Brazil in the 1930s. The sources used comprise Rangel Sobrinho’s and Kretzschmar’s books, Brazilian publications of the period and Hébert’s book Muscle et beauté plastique. We were able to determine that this French work was innovative regarding women’s education for proposing physical and moral emancipation, opposing the wearing of corsets and high heels and advocating equal exercise for men and women. However, the Brazilian works presented limitations regarding women’s training, since the idea of equality was proposed but not actually applied to the training program.