Analysis of genotype × environment interaction for seed yield in spring oilseed rape using the AMMI model

Abstract In order to assess the genotype by environment interaction (GE) and select genotypes to exploit narrow and broad adaptations, twenty-two spring oilseed rape genotypes were subjected to field surveys at five experimental sites in the 2015-16 and 2016-17 growing seasons. Plant materials were sown in the form of a randomized complete block design with three replicates. The additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model was used to determine the genotype, environment, and GE effects. The sum of squares (SS) for the first three interaction principal components was very close to the SS for the GE signal; therefore, AMMI3 was diagnosed as the most accurate model to optimize predictive accuracy. SAN48 had the highest broad adaptability. In total, the chances of increasing yield were 55.80% from broad adaptations, 26.73% from narrow adaptations with 4 mega-environments, and an additional 17.47% from narrow adaptations with 5 mega-environments.