Analysis of the antimicrobial effectiveness of peracetic acid for the disinfection of irreversible hydrocolloid impressions

Abstract Introduction In recent years, peracetic acid has been used in dentistry for disinfection of irreversible hydrocolloid. Objective To evaluate the antimicrobial effectiveness of peracetic acid using nebulization and spray techniques on irreversible hydrocolloid impressions. Material and method 80 impressions of the hemi-arches of volunteers were randomly divided into four experimental groups (n = 20), with respective controls. The impressions were disinfected for 10 minutes with 0.2% peracetic acid and 1% sodium hypochlorite using the methods of nebulization in a 100% relative humidity atmosphere, and spraying. After disinfection, each impression was immersed in saline solution and subjected to ultrasonic vibration to disperse possible microorganisms. For the microbiological analysis of the solution, bacterial colonies, grown in sterile BHI-agar culture after 24h in an oven incubator at 37 ° C, were counted. Result There was a statistically significant difference between the mean number of colonies of the control and each experimental group (p <0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two methods when using 0.2% peracetic acid (p = 0.420). However, there was a statistically significant difference between the two methods when using 1% sodium hypochlorite (p = 0.010). Nebulization with 0.2% peracetic acid was more effective than 1% sodium hypochlorite (p=0.030). Conclusion 0.2% peracetic acid can be used for disinfection of irreversible hydrocolloid impressions using the methods of spraying or nebulization. Sodium hypochlorite (1%) proved to be more effective using the spraying method.