Analysis of the longitudinal distribution of pressures near the ends of the vertical and horizontal faces in stepped spillway of slope 1V: 0.75H

ABSTRACT Stepped spillways have been widely used for flood runoff due to of their constructive advantages and in regards to energy dissipation during the drop, allowing downstream dissipation structures to be designed in smaller dimensions. Due to the need for further studies on the effect of runoff in the chute of the stepped spillway and the analysis of dimensionless numbers used to characterize the longitudinal distribution of the pressures acting on the faces of the steps of a spillway, this study aims to characterize the acting forces on the steps of said spillways. Analyses were performed on a physical model of spillway with a slope of 1V: 0.75H and steps with a height of 6 centimeters. The pressure fields on the steps were analyzed and compared with results found in literature. As a general finding concerning the pressure in the horizontal faces, it was ascertained that the traction and the compression loads have relatively similar magnitudes, the negative pressures being more intense. Regarding the maximum pressures at the horizontal faces of the steps, it should be emphasized that the maximum values of compression have occurred at the end of the chute and that the lower discharges yielded higher values of pressure coefficients.