Anesthetic effectiveness evaluation of Morpheus® through intrasseptal technical CaZOE in pulpotomy of deciduous teeth: pilot study

Abstract Introduction The fear of pain is one of the main reasons why many patients avoid dental treatment, especially children. In several pediatric dentistry procedures, the use of local anesthetic is necessary. Morpheus® system proposes an insertion of the needle painlessly and satisfactory anesthesia with lower volume of local anesthetic. With the CaZOE technique, the patient realizes the pressure before the pain, thus being able to avoid it. Objective To evaluate the anesthetic efficacy of Morpheus® through intrasseptal technical CaZOE in pulpotomy of mandibular’s primary molars. Material and method Nineteen volunteers were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study was conducted in a single session using 0.9 mL of Articaine 4% with epinephrine 1: 100,000 through anesthetic CaZOE technique, using the Morpheus®. This was carried out by a single operator not involved in the evaluation of anesthesia parameters and followed the manufacturer's recommendations. For data analysis, descriptive statistics was performed. Result Of the 19 volunteers, 63% were female and 37% male. In just over half of the sample (63%), was successful in performing the procedure. Cases of failure (37%) occurred during coronary opening and removal of pulp. Conclusion The efficacy of Morpheus® through intrasseptal technical CaZOE in pulpotomy of mandibular’s primary molars was noted in 63% of the sample. Further studies should be carried out to prove this efficacy.