Assessment of the Ti-rich corner of the Ti-Si phase diagram using two sublattices to describe the Ti5Si3 phase

<div><p>Abstract The thermodynamic optimization of Ti-X-Si systems requires that their respective binary systems be constantly updated. The most recent assessments of the Ti-Si phase diagrams used three sublattices to describe the Ti5Si3 phase. The stable version of this phase diagram indicated the presence of Ti(β)+Ti5Si3→Ti3Si and Ti(β)→Ti(α)+Ti3Si reactions in the Ti-rich corner, while the metastable version featured the presence of a Ti(β)→Ti(α)+Ti5Si3 reaction. The present investigation assessed these phase diagrams using two sublattices to describe the Ti5Si3 phase in order to simplify the optimization of Ti-X-Si systems.</p></div>