Cartography of internal migration in Mozambique between 1997 and 2007

Abstract The paper “Cartography of internal migration in Mozambique between 1997and 2007” results from an exploratory analysis of information pertaining to internal migration based on demographic census data between 1997 and 2007 respectively; the second and third censuses of Mozambique following national independence in 1975. The analysis is made according to the lifelong or accumulated migration observed among Mozambique’s eleven provinces in the censuses of 1997 and 2007. Also registered is migration in the five-year period before the demographic census of 2007 (that is, the period between 2002 and 2007). As a result of this analysis, the paper presents migration flows among provinces and also the volume of accumulated migration by sex and province, in 1997 and 2007. These data are presented as the volumes of inter-provincial migration of five-year 2002-2007. Furthermore, the analysis permits the grouping of the provinces in three categories according migratory trends: the first is composed of immigration provinces (Niassa, Manica and Maputo); the second of emigration provinces (Zambezia, Tete, Inhambane and Gaza); and the third, of provinces which from one period to another, changed the migration trend (Sofala, Cabo Delgado, Nampula and the City of Maputo). Lastly, the results indicate that in southern provinces of Mozambique, the proportion of women in total volume of migrants surpasses the proportion of men.