Civil society, political parties and interrelationships: a comparative study between Porto Alegre and Montevideo
Abstract This article aims to carry out a comparative study between the Participative Budget (PB) from Porto Alegre and the Participative Decentralization from Montevideo, having as the analytical centre the role played by the party-political systems in the two countries. In this sense, the investigation intends to offer some elements which help to answer the following question: to what extent the distinctive nature from the party systems from Brazil and Uruguay and their relations with the civil society and the State can change the elaboration and functioning of new Participative Institutions? In the analysis we aimed to break up the normative dichotomy which separates the civil society from the political one present in most of the academic works about participative institutions in Brazil. After an investigation based on secondary sources about the two experiences and primary sources with members of the Neighboring Councils, in Montevideo, and with delegates of PB, in Porto Alegre, the conclusion was on the distinctive influences of the political systems in the studied cases. In Montevideo, predominates, hegemonically, the participation of people with a long trajectory in the political party. In the case of PB from Porto Alegre, the low institutionalization of the party-political system allowed that participants were not constrained by the party identities.