Coagulation Bath in The Production of Membranes of Nanocomposites Polyamide 6/Clay

Membranes of polyamide 6 and its nanocomposites with 3 and 5% of clay were obtained by the phase inversion method using distilled water and solvent as the coagulation bath, 10 and 30% of acid was used, in order to change the membranes morphology/porosity. By XRD analysis, the obtained nanocomposites showed an exfoliated and/or partially exfoliated structure, it was also seen two characteristics peaks of the polyamide 6 phases (α and γ). For the membranes, the characteristic peak γ of the membrane disappeared, being evident the peaks α1 and α2. By SEM the PA6 membrane almost doesn't have pores in its surface, with an addition of clay had an increase in the quantity of surface pores. In the cross section of the PA6 membrane, an extremely thin selective layer, adding the clay the selective layer became thicker and a better defined porous support was obtained. From the acid in the coagulation bath the PA6 membrane continued with a few pores structure. For the nanocomposites there was an increase in size and a better uniformity of the pores. In the cross section the presence of the bath decrease the membrane filtering, also modifying a uniformity of the pores.