Culture of school material in the radiophonic schools in Bragança: permanencies and pedagogical innovations (1960-1970)

ABSTRACT The present article aims to analyse the school material culture in radiophonic schools of Bragança and the creation of permanencies and pedagogical innovations in the period from 1960 to 1970. We used the New Cultural History approach as the method to analyse the use of school materials and the education representations of subjects on these materials in the daily life of classrooms. Three types of schools were identified: (i) a school that operated in the house of the monitor; (ii) another in a straw shed; and (iii) one that operated on a municipal school. The school material culture, in this school institution, consists of the following materials: writing materials (chalk and pencil with eraser); materials of writing support (blackboard, poster, notebooks, and blank sheets of paper); furniture (rough wooden tables and rectangular wooden benches); reading materials (short texts and reports); lighting materials (lamps, pressure lamps, and aladins); costumes of the students (handmade chita and cotton clothing); protection materials (Inajá and Babassu thatches); material of communication and teaching (known as captive radio). These materials made it possible to identify the permanencies and pedagogical innovations. We concluded that the school materials produced critical, emancipatory, and evangelizing representations whose purpose was to alphabetize the youth and adults of the radiophonic schools in Bragança, State of Pará.