Defining commuters profiles in Brazil

2020-04-01T02:46:22Z (GMT) by Luiz Carlos Day Gama André Braz Golgher

Abstract The aim of this article is the construction of typologies for Brazilian workers, especially regarding commuting time to work. Through the GoM (Grade of Membership) method, pure and mixed worker profiles in the Brazilian labor market were established, using data from 2009 and 2014 PNADs. Three basic characteristics marked those who spend a lot of time commuting: they are male, residents of metropolitan areas and have a low socioeconomic status. Analyzing the opposite end, profiles associated with workers who do not commute present a higher prevalence of women with low socioeconomic status. The spatial distribution of the population, as expected, is not random. In short, the poorest people tend to reside far from the town center and the opposite applies to individuals in a more favorable financial situation.