Design optimization of a simple single family anaerobic sewage treatment system

ABSTRACT The aim of this work is to propose a new configuration UASB (Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket) for use in single-family treatment, which is smaller and more efficient than the traditional septic tank (TS). The experimental system was designed on a pilot scale, consisting of eight reactors UASB 250 L each. Six of these units are modified, but keep the concept and principles of conventional UASB reactors; they were, however, designed with different geometry, alternating zones of sedimentation and digestion. Compared to these reactors, an UASB reactor-Y and a conventional UASB were operated. All reactors were able to digest raw sewage efficiently in hydraulic retention times (HRT) of 24:06 hours. Organic material removal efficiencies of 67-74% were obtained. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed no significant difference between the efficiencies obtained in the different reactors. A high sludge concentration was retained in the digestion zone, thus yielding, high capacity treatment. Sedimentation tests have shown that the constants obtained for the sedimentation sludge reactor are better than those obtained for the sludge which is expelled with the effluent. In contrast, sludge methanogenic activity of the reactor and expelled sludge is not significantly different.