Different Types of Lignocellulosic Materials for Energy Generation in the Ceramic Industry

ABSTRACT This work aims at the physicochemical characterization of four species: Eucalyptus sp, Pinus sp, Citrus sinensis and Hevea brasiliensis for use in ceramic furnace. Immediate analysis, chemical analyses were carried out (total extractives, Klason lignin, holocellulose and alpha-cellulose content). Results were applied to ANOVA and Tukey for statistics. The ash content of Pinus sp was 1.60%, for volatile material content Eucalyptus sp presented 83.61%, for fixed carbon values, Citrus sinensis presented 20.03%. Chemical analyses in the total extractive content, Citrus sinensis presented 21.76%, Klason lignin content, Pinus sp had 39.24%, Eucalyptus sp 60.29% had the highest holocellulose and alpha-cellulose, which was 42.72%. Pinus sp sample was the one with the highest heating value of 20.090 J/g. According to results obtained in the analyses, it is possible to conclude that all species have potential for applications in ceramic furnace.