Educational technologies and practices for prevention of vertical HIV transmission

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess available evidence on educational technologies and practices for prevention of vertical HIV transmission. Method: LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, BDENF, between April and May 2016, with the descriptors: “Vertical Transmission of Infectious Disease”, “HIV”, “Health Education” and “Technology”. Results: there are 16 articles published between 2000 and 2014, mostly Brazilian and African, Cross-sectional and with low level of evidence. The studies covered the use of hard technologies, through video, radio and telephone, and soft, emphasizing, in particular, counseling. Conclusion: the studies recognize the importance of educational activities as a tool for health promotion in the context of vertical HIV transmission, despite reporting the need for constant training of professionals and urgency in the renewal of educational concepts and practices. Therefore, it is recommended to expand and consolidate health counseling and emphasize the role of nurses as an important actor in this setting.