Effect of Temperature, Electrolyte Composition and Immersion Time on the Electrochemical Corrosion Behavior of CoCrMo Implant Alloy Exposed to Physiological Serum and Hank's Solution

A new study about corrosion behavior of CoCrMo alloy used as implant material exposed to the physiological serum and Hank's solution in different temperatures, electrolyte compositions and immersion time were simulated, using open circuit potential (OCP), potentiodynamic polarization curves (PPC) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS.) From the results, it can be concluded that CoCrMo biomaterial is influenced by electrolyte composition and temperature, and the passive films were more protective when formed in presence of physiological serum. Comparing the Ecorr for both solutions, it is possible to verify that the Hank's solution presented values more negative for the two studied temperatures (25 and 37 °C), indicating a greater susceptibility to the corrosion process. Regarding the results of potentiodynamic polarization, the ipass, decreased as function of time, indicating a more protective passive film at 25 °C. In regards to the physiological serum, the highest ipass values at 37 ºC evidenced the formation of a less stable passive film. The different behavior of ipass in Hank's solution may be related to the competitiveness between a possible film of D-glucose and oxides of the alloy metals. EIS studies suggest that the film formed in presence of physiological serum is nobler than that with Hank's solution.