Effect of essential oils on the physiological and sanitary quality of maize seed (Zea mays)
ABSTRACT: The development of pesticides is a constant in the agricultural sector in order to offer products less aggressive to the environment and new active ingredients, preventing the emergence of resistance. The alternative study to fungicides used for seed treatment has the essential oils field for prospecting. This research aimed to evaluate the effects of essential oils from leaves of C. citriodora and E. camaldulensis in maize seed variety AL Bandeirante, from different locations. The physiological and sanitary quality of the seeds were evaluated when treated samples using the oils individually, equal mixture of these oils and treatment with a commercial antifungal. It was observed that the treatment with the oils C. citriodora , E. camaldulensis and the mixture of oils did not affect the immediate germination of seeds Avare. In the batch Bernardino de Campos, treatment with C. citriodora was harmful and E. camualdulensis , although not statistically differ from the others, decreased germination which would prevent its use as seed, according to the standard regulated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA), 85%. The E. camaldulensis oil showed phytotoxic effect decreasing the length of seedlings, acetone used as a solvent had no effect on germination but showed phytotoxic effect after accelerated aging. The application of oils alone was able to reduce the incidence of fungi of the genus Penicillium and Fusarium, Aspergillus but the behavior was similar to commercial antifungal, showing no effect when compared to the control treatment.