Effects of combined oral doxycycline and topical cyclosporine treatment on ocular signs, symptoms, and tear film parameters in rosacea patients
ABSTRACT Purpose: This study reports the effects of combined use of oral doxycycline and topical cyclosporine on ocular signs, symptoms, and tear film parameters in rosacea patients. Methods: Fifty-four right eyes of 54 patients were included in this study. All patients underwent full ophthalmologic examination-including best corrected visual acuity measurement, slit-lamp anterior segment and fundus examination, tear film break-up time, and Schirmer test-before treatment and six months post-treatment. Patients were divided into two treatment groups. The first group was treated with oral doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for the first month and once daily for the following two months. The second group received topical 0.05% cyclosporine emulsion drops twice daily for six months in addition to the oral doxycycline treatment regimen. All patients received preservati ve-free artificial tear drops, warm compress, eyelash cleaning, and topical corticosteroid drops three times daily for one month. Results: A significant improvement in ocular signs and symptoms was recorded for all patients in groups 1 and 2 after treatment. There was not a significant difference in terms of itching, burning, meibomian gland inspissation, corneal neovascularization, and conjunctival hyperemia score changes between groups 1 and 2. The increases in Schirmer test and break-up time scores were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1. Conclusions: Our results support the finding that topical cyclosporine in addition to the standard regimen improves tear function, as shown by Schirmer test and break-up time scores, in ocular rosacea patients.