Energy evaluation of an integrated water supply system
ABSTRACT The energy burdens of the Feira de Santana Integrated Water Supply System (SIAA-FSA) were analyzed using the life cycle assessment method. The higher energy burdens in the water supply chain were identified and scenarios for improvement were proposed. The supply chain of chemicals, transportation, electricity and replacement of pipes were considered for SIAA-FSA. The cumulative energy demand of SIAA-FSA was 3.51 kWh.m-3 of consumed water. The water uptake and distribution steps presented the highest energy demands, and the electricity for pumping represented 86% of the cumulative energy demand. The SIAA-FSA proposed scenarios showed significant improvements over the current one, with rational use of chemicals, electricity and water.