Enforcing the social contribution of gender: the qualified female public servant versus the female executive

Abstract This quantitative approach study analyzes a hypothetical model for the public service and its relationship with the social construction around gender. The research universe was limited to highly qualified women working in the public service and medium and large private companies in Brazil. From 1,464 valid questionnaires, 18.6% were completed by public servants. Hypotheses were tested to verify the relationship of dependence between the variables: women’s income in relation to their husbands’ and the type of career; women’s responsibility for household chores and the type of career; women’s and their husbands’ income in relation to mutual responsibility for household chores; time spent by women and their husbands with their children and the type of career; and motivators of interest in remaining in the career.