Epidemiological profile of the patient undergoing cataract surgery

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of cataract surgery performed in the city in 2017, aiming to increase the production of cataract surgeries and reduce the prevalence of cataract in the population. Methods: This is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study based on the data analysis of the cataract mutirão developed in Itajubá, in the year 2017, through information from records obtained from the Outpatient Information System (SIA / SUS) and the Hospital Information System (SIH / SUS), concomitant with the Health Department. Statistical analyzes were performed according to sample characteristics and considered p-value. Results: In the study, there was a significant regional demand for cataract surgeries, especially the Hilton Rocha Foundation in Belo Horizonte, with 2030 in total. At Santa Casa, 538 patients were seen, all of whom underwent keratometry, 269 did the biometry and the retinal mapping in both eyes and finally 195 people underwent cataract surgery of the right eye and 193 of the left eye, totaling 388 surgeries. Being that 54% of the demand was scheduled. At the Specialized Medical Assistance Clinic, 446 patients were attended, all of whom performed the keratometry exam, 352 did the right eye biometrics and 387 left eye examinations, 321 performed the right eye retinal mapping and 376 of the left eye and finally 200 people underwent cataract surgery of the right eye and 200 of the left eye, totaling 400 surgeries. Conclusion: The data are in agreement with the sample of the present study, since it was possible to perceive the great demand for cataract surgeries in the different regions and the great impact that the collective mobilization for cataract surgery carried out in the city, improving the quality of life of the people. Thus, the effort made was extremely important, since with surgery, it is avoided that the cataract situation evolves into a total loss of vision.