Fruit quality of pineapple ‘Vitória’ under macronutrients and boron deficiency

posted on 20.11.2019 by Jéssica Morais Cunha, Marta Simone Mendonça Freitas, Luiz Carlos Santos Caetano, Almy Júnior Cordeiro de Carvalho, Diego Alves Peçanha, Paulo Cesar dos Santos

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of macronutrient and boron deficiencies on physico-chemical characteristics of pineapple fruits, ‘Vitoria’ cultivar. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with eight treatments (complete solution, -N, -P, -K, -Ca, -Mg, -S and -B) and six replicates. The experiment was conducted from October 2016 to March 2018, and the variables evaluated were: fresh fruit and crown mass, fruit diameter, fruit and crown length, juice volume and mass, titratable acidity (TA), soluble solids (SS), vitamin C, juice pH and SS/TA ratio. All treatments with nutrient deficiency reduced the fresh fruit mass. In treatments -N and -Ca there was a reduction of 41.9 and 35.3%, respectively, in the crown fresh mass. Fruits diameter under N, K and Mg deficiency was lower, fruit length, soluble solids and juice pH were lower in treatment with N deficiency. Isolated deficiencies of each of the macronutrients and B reduced the mass of the whole fruit and the crownless fruit. The nutrient that most limited the size and quality of ‘Vitoria’ pineapple fruit was nitrogen.