Geochemistry, Sm-Nd isotopes and SHRIMP U-Pb geochronology of the Morro do Coco Granite (RJ, Brazil): another piece of the post-collisional magmatism of the Ribeira Belt
Abstract The Morro do Coco granite (MC) is a post-collisional intrusive body that was emplaced at Ribeira Belt, in the Cambro-Ordovician, succeeding the final stages of the Gondwana supercontinent amalgamation. This unit requires more studies, contrasting with similar best investigated occurrences of the central Ribeira Belt. This work presents a detailed investigation of such unit using petrography, Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP), X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) whole-rock geochemistry, U-Pb (SHRIMP) geochronology and Sm-Nd isotopes. The rock is a nearly undeformed syenogranite, geochemically classified as a high-K calc-alkaline magnesian, with metaluminous to slightly peraluminous affinity. Strongly light rare earth elements (LREE)-enriched patterns with significant negative Eu anomalies, typical of post-collisional granites, are identified. Similarly to other post-collisional granites of the central Ribeira Belt, U-Pb zircon data provide crystallization age of 496 ± 3 Ma . Sm-Nd isotopic data suggest crustal magma source as indicated by εNd(496) of -9, 143Nd/144Nd ratios between 0.511747 and 0.511752 and Mesoproterozoic TDM ages of 1.3 Ga. Based on its geochemical characteristics, morphology and geochronology, this unit is considered here as a member of Nova Friburgo Suite. Geochronological data defined three pulses of magmatism in this part of the orogen during the Cambro-Ordovician (515, 490 and 460 Ma).