Heavy rainfall maps in Brazil to 5 year return period
Abstract This study created thematic heavy rainfall maps for Brazil, with durations of 5-, 30-, 60- and 120 minutes and 5 years of return period (T). The intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) relationships used were compiled from studies found in the literature (798 locations) and derived for 4411 rainfall gauges available in the Hidroweb information system, totaling 5209 rainfall data collected. To derive IDF relationships, Gumbel's probability distributions were used, with parameters estimated by the method of moments. Distribution adequacy was verified by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Rainfall-intensity values obtained by IDF relationships were spatialized in Geographic Information Systems, allowing elaboration of the thematic maps. Thematic maps enable obtain rainfall intensities for places without rain gauge data and/or precarious time-series data. Therefore, these maps are a great tool for the design of hydraulic structures related to urban and rural micro-drainage.