Housing changes in Brazilian metropolitan areas
From the 2000s, the Brazilian housing market has undergone significant changes that allowed the resumption of construction growth, the number of units built and sold. These changes were made possible due to a number of changes in urban and housing policies, especially in the expansion of the supply of housing finance, allowing the incorporation of a larger portion of the population in access to housing. However, the effects of these recent housing policies are not clear yet. On the one hand, the growth in the value of real estate was widespread, reaching levels comparable to the major worldwide centers, especially in large Brazilian cities and metropolitan areas. On the other hand, there is little knowledge about the quantitative effects of this model. That means that it is still unknown whether the share of homeowners has increased significantly, with a consequent reduction in the number of rented homes. To this end, this article proposes an initial exploratory analysis using data from the 1991, 2000 and 2010 Demographic Censuses. The objective is to assess whether these policies have altered the dynamics of occupation conditions in households in the metropolitan scale. We analyzed data from the three largest metropolitan areas (Belo Horizonte, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) in the country, comparing the changes between central and peripheral cities. The text is structured on the discussion of the housing market in Brazil, including the innovations in terms of public policies in recent period and on our own analysis of census data, indicating their potential and limits to deal with housing issues.