How to read literary texts in the age of digital culture?
ABSTRACT In this article I present an overview of the major changes in the literary field due to the emergence of digital technology and I approach some theories about reading literary works in this new context. The main changes that I approach are as follows: the freedom afforded by cyberspace to produce and publish literary texts on blogs and sites; the production and consumption of literature in the convergence culture; transmedia; digitized and digital literature; book apps. In addition I introduce some theories about literary reading in the digital universe. I begin by addressing the discussions motivated by Information Theory, still in the 50's and 60's. Then I present the polarization between a celebratory and an apocalyptic perspective from the 90s, the conciliatory approach by Nancy Katherine Hayles, who proposes a model based on the synergy between skills related to reading in print (close reading) and skills related to reading in the digital format (hyper reading). Finally, after warning of the danger of technological determinism in polarized discussions about reading in the digital universe, I conclude this article by defending the position that literary reading in the digital age requires investment in multiple literacies, especially in literary literacy and in digital literacy.