Impact of surgery on pain, disability, and quality of life of patients with degenerative lumbar disease: Brazilian data

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the impact of surgery on pain, disability, quality of life, and patient satisfaction in a sample of patients with Degenerative Lumbar Disease (DLD). Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Comparison between pre and postoperative (6 – 12 months) ODI and SF-36, plus postoperative Patient Satisfaction Index. Results: From a total of 216 patients included, improvement was observed in average scores of pain (201.2%), disability (39.7%), physical quality of life (42%), and mental quality of life (37.8%). Among these patients, 57.7% reached or surpassed the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for ODI, 57.7% for the SF-36 pain component, 59.7% for the SF-36 physical component summary, and 50.5% achieved or surpassed the MCID for the SF-36 mental component summary. Conclusions: Surgery produced a significantly positive impact on pain, disability, and quality of life of patients. Overall, 82.5% of the patients were satisfied.