Impact of the Bolsa Família program on the allocation of resources in Brazilian households: an analysis considering women in the households

Abstract Brazil's Conditional Cash Transfer program, Bolsa Família Program - PBF (Family Allowance), represents a major increase in household income in the country. Households allocate these resources among several consumption categories. This work aimed to identify the impact of the PBF on the expenditure value of each category and on the share of expenditure. Data from the household budget survey - POF, carried out in 2002-2003 and 2008-2009, were used. The following methodologies were combined: Propensity Score Matching (PSM), Differences-in-Differences (DD), and Seemingly Unrelated Regressions (SUR). The results indicate that the largest impact of the PBF was on food and housing, both in absolute and relative terms. However, the effect on food was surprisingly negative. On the other hand, the impact on housing was positive. It was possible to conclude that directing income to women does not affect the consumption of tobacco. The impact of the PBF is also larger in households where women have the autonomy to decide how to allocate the PBF.