Influence of environmental factors on pre-weaning weights of crossed cattle Aberdeen Angus x Nelore

The aim of this study was to estimate the environmental effects (calving age, julian date of birth and weaning age) on the adjusted weights to 120 (P120) and 205 (P205) days of crossbred cattle Angus x Nelore. The database was formed with information from 11,271 animals, borned from 1987 to 2004. Maternal heterozygosity proportions were equal to 0.0, 0.375, 0.4688, 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0. The weights, P120 and P210, were standardized based on the weight daily gain by interpolation of the weighing close to the standardized age and weight measured previously. The (co) variance components and genetic parameters were obtained by Bayesian inference analyzes performed with three statistical models, differing as to the environmental effects. Breeding values were obtained for three models and were compared by Spearman correlations and by percentage of selected bulls in common. Heritability estimates values obtained in the best model was 0.20 for both traits (P120 and P205). Study of genetic values showed changes in the classification of animals according to models. Inclusion of julian date class of birth, age class of the animal in the measurement and interaction of calving age class and maternal heterozygosity in the selection of parents was important to allow greater precision in genetic evaluation of herd.