Landscape analysis and indexing: Arquivo Fotográfico Ilustrativo dos Trabalhos Geográficos de Campo from the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics)

Abstract The purpose of this research is to discuss the analysis and indexing of rural life landscapes using Arquivo Fotográfico Ilustrativo dos Trabalhos Geográficos de Campo from the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística as reference. The photographs were taken by agrarian geographers from the former Conselho Nacional de Geografia between the years 1940 and 1960. This is an exploratory research that addresses the geographic information within information science, aimed at the organization and representation of recorded knowledge in the process of information transference. From studies on landscape in the Geography literature associated with studies in the fields of Archival Science, Library Science, Information Science and History, we sought to identify concepts and categories that supported the proposal of a pattern for analysis and indexing of landscape photography. The photographic sets selected for the experiment are related to the Northeast and Southern Brazilian regions, according to the first official division of the regions proposed by the Conselho Nacional de Geografia in 1941.