Linha Verde Urban Operation: limits and opportunities in light of the social management of land value appreciation

Discussions about the City Statute have been resumed, and the questions focus on its effectiveness, poor public participation and its use to legitimize policies guided by private interests. This paper investigates Urban Operations (UO) as a mechanism to recover land surplus value. Based on a study about the Faria Lima UO (city of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil), the paper discusses the Linha Verde UO (city of Curitiba, Southern Brazil), which is at the initial stage of implementation. The analysis enables to draw conclusions that are both complementary and contradictory. On the one hand, it is necessary to recognize its potential as an important instrument to leverage urban transformation, dividing the costs of public action with stakeholders. However, it is possible to notice its low efficiency in the social management of land value appreciation, as it lacks mechanisms to ensure the appropriate distribution of public resources.