MIGRATION AND COMMUTING IN THE AREAS OF INFLUENCE OF THE BRAZILIAN METROPOLISES

2019-11-13T02:48:50Z (GMT) by Carlos Lobo José Marcos P. da Cunha

ABSTRACT At various points times in time, population mobility has served as a driver for profound social and economic transformations in the regions of origin and destination in Brazil, not only the consequence of structural needs. As well as traditional migratory flows, commuting has also taken on a pertinent role in the process of spatial production and organization, especially at the regional level. In this context, this paper aims to evaluate the participation of migration in commuting in the Areas of Influence (AIs) of the principal Brazilian metropolises, based on the sample microdata of the 1980 and 2010 Demographic Censuses. The initial comparison of these two census decades shows that there was a significant increase in commuting intensity, both in terms of the volume of people and the number of vectors. Furthermore, the data also show that there was a considerable decrease in the proportion of the decade’s migrants in intra-regional commuting, as well as an increase in the weight of native non-migrants of the municipality of residence in the composition of these displacements. In the last census, native non-migrants were already prevalent in commuting flows, both in the metropolitan regions and within each of the AIs.