Matrine from Vietnamese sophora root inhibits the growth of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo

Abstract This study investigated the extraction of matrine from Vietnamese sophora root and its in vitro and in vivo inhibitory effects on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. Matrine was extracted from Vietnamese sophora root using microwave-assisted extraction technology and purified using macroporous adsorption resin. Human OSCC Tca8113 cells were treated with matrine with concentration of 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8 g/L. The proliferation and apoptosis of cells were detected. OSCC cells were transplanted in the nude mice, and then the nude mice were treated with normal saline, cyclophosphamide (CTX) (20 mg·kg-1) and matrine (100 mg·kg -1), respectively. The optimized extraction parameters of matrine were obtained. The in vitro experiments showed that, matrine inhibit the proliferation of Tca8113 cells and induced the cell apoptosis. The in vivo experiments found that, the tumor inhibition rate of matrine was basically equivalent to that of CTX. In addition, compared with CTX, matrine had no obvious toxic side effect on the liver and kidney function of nude mice. These results indicate that, matrine has obvious in vitro and in vivo inhibitory effects on OSCC cells, with no obvious toxic side effect on the liver and kidney function.