Model development to spatial simulation for Social Housing

posted on 11.12.2019 by César Imai, Márcio Minto Fabricio

Abstract The usual solution adopted for Social Housing in Brazil is standardisation, which, in the name of constructive rationality and cost reduction, uses the repetition of a single design. When the characteristics of users are not identified in the design process, adaptations and expensive and inefficient reforms are common. The objective of this research study was to investigate how simulations with physical models can be used as a tool to understand and meet the demands of users and help the implementation of good solutions. Simulations were done in a pilot study that explored the potentials, characteristics and limitations of the models. After the simulations, a questionnaire was applied focusing on users' understanding of spatial and functional issues. The results indicate that three-dimensional models allow a better understanding of the immersion in the environment, with improved perception of ergonomic and spatial issues. Greater realism and interactivity in the real-scale simulation allow for more discussions and reflections about the environment, which would not be possible in another type of representation.