Molecular detection of Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma platys in dogs from municipality of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil

ABSTRACT: The occurrence of diseases transmitted by ticks in dogs is very frequent in Brazil, among these diseases we can highlight the ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis, which are caused by Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma platys, respectively. The objective of this study was to survey the occurrence of these pathogens in blood samples from domiciled and stray dogs from the city of Belém, Pará. Two hundred and seventy six dogs were sampled for convenience, and the DNA extracted from the blood of these animals was submitted to nested-PCR for research of E. canis and A. platys. E. canis DNA was detected in 39.4% (109/276) and A. platys DNA in 23.1% (64/276) of the samples, there was a statistically significant difference between the frequency of these agents (P<0.0001), and there was coinfection in 13.4% (37/276) of animals. The frequency of detection of these parasites was higher in stray dogs than in those domiciled for both E. canis (OR=2.84) and A. platys (OR=10.5). Considering the results, it was possible to conclude that E. canis and A. platys are present in the studied population, with stray dogs being more affected by these parasites.