Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae associated with porcine circovirus type 2 in non-vaccinated herds for mycoplasmosis

ABSTRACT: Porcine circovirus associated diseases (PCVAD) have been reported around the world. They are associated with high culling rates and large economic losses. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the primary causative agent. Several risk factors are related to the manifestation of clinical syndrome, including deficiencies of management, presence of co-infections and immunization against involved agents. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is often reported as an agent associated to PCV2 infections. The aim of this study was to verify the occurrence of M. hyopneumoniae in animals diagnosed with PCVAD in intensive pig farming systems in Goiás, Brazil. Forty nasal secretion samples were collected for M. hyopneumoniae DNA detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Out of this, 6 (15%) were positive for M. hyopneumoniae DNA. All positive samples were collected from animals in non-vaccinated herds. Mycoplasma has been detected in animals showing clinical signs and lesions of respiratory diseases. To our knowledge, this is the first report of PCV2 association with M. hyopneumoniae in pigs with PCVAD identified in the state of Goiás, Brazil.