Oxandrolone for treatment of lipodermatosclerosis: case report

Abstract Lipodermatosclerosis is a panniculitis characterized by hardening and hyperpigmentation of the skin involving the calves with an “inverted champagne bottle” appearance. Many therapeutic approaches have been recommended, but the use of oxandrolone for this purpose has been studied very little to date. We report a case of acute lipodermatosclerosis in a 61-year-old woman with a previous history of surgical treatment for venous insufficiency of the lower limbs. The patient presented with edema and painful, erythematous lesions with diffuse infiltration, mainly affecting the posterior aspect of the left calf. She was initially treated with stanozolol and pentoxifylline, with good response. Due to unavailability of stanozolol, she was put on oxandrolone. This treatment was well tolerated, reduced the intensity of edema, erythema, and infiltration in the lower limbs, effectively leading to pain relief. Oxandrolone may be a useful and safe treatment for patients with acute lipodermatosclerosis.