Oxidative stress assessment by glutathione peroxidase activity and glutathione levels in response to selenium supplementation in patients with Mucopolysaccharidosis I, II and VI

Abstract We assessed levels of plasma selenium (Se), selenoproteins and their change after Se supplementation in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) types I, II and VI. This was done in a retrospective study of the medical records of 30 patients with MPS I (n=13), MPS II (n=9) and MPS VI (n=8) who were being treated with enzyme replacement therapy. As part of routine nutritional monitoring, Se levels were measured, revealing that 28 patients (93.3%) had values below the normal range. Therefore, they received supplementation for 12 months, and Se was measured after 6 and 12 months. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity, total glutathione (GSHt), oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were measured at baseline and 6 months after Se supplementation. The mean GSHt at baseline was 7.90 ± 2.36 μmol/g Hb, and after Se supplementation it was 5.76 ± 1.13 μmol/g Hb; GSH/GSSG was 2.3 ± 1.16 at baseline and 0.58 ± 0.38 after supplementation. GPx activity was 16.46 ± 3.31 U/g Hb at baseline and 4.53 ± 4.92 U/g Hb after Se supplementation. The difference was shown to be statistically significant by paired t-test. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that oxidative stress parameters were altered by Se supplementation in patients with MPS I, II and VI who were previously deficient in Se.