PHYSICAL CONNECTION BETWEEN BVRF SEGMENTS BASED ON LEVELING ASSOCIATED WITH GRAVIMETRY

Abstract Considering the efforts to establish Global Reference Systems linked to the geopotential space, new alternatives are sought to address the problems found in the classic national vertical networks. The Brazilian Vertical Reference Frame (BVRF) was materialized in two different segments with independent datums (Imbituba and Santana tide gauges) due to the terrain difficulties for conventional leveling. The 2018 BVRF realization, in the geopotential space, still remains without interoperability between its segments. We analyze alternatives for physical connection based on the new precepts of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) involving the geopotential space. Some proposed solutions for physical connection based on GPS leveling associated with gravimetry are presented. These solutions were developed with the aim of evidencing the discrepancy between the two BVRF segments, now carried out in terms of geopotential numbers and normal heights. The results indicate differences ranging from about 45 cm to 140 cm between the two segments depending on the strategy employed. Comparisons with previous determinations based on indirect strategies and involving previous BVRF realizations are made.