Palladium Nanoparticles Supported on β-cyclodextrin Functionalised Poly(amido amine)s and their Application in Suzuki-Miyaura Cross-Coupling Reactions
Herein, the synthesis, characterization and catalytic application of an organic-inorganic, palladium (Pd)-containing hybrid material, poly(amidoamine)-cyclodextrin (Pd@PAAs-CD), is reported as an efficient catalyst for Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions. The structure of Pd@PAAs-CD was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), inductively-coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Furthermore, an efficient protocol has been developed using Pd@PAAs-CD as the catalyst in a Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction in an aqueous medium in high yields. By using cyclodextrin (CD) as the mediator grafted onto PAAs, the Pd nanoparticles (NPs) were dispersed and enhanced the catalytic reaction by promoting host-guest interactions with the CD. In addition, the reusability of the Pd@PAAs-CD hybrid material is demonstrated for use in multiple sequential cross-coupling reactions.