Paradigms of governance and legitimacy: democracy as a form of domination

Abstract The paper aimed to build an analytical and representative theoretical framework of practices and social actions that constitue the management historical paradigms. Specifically, it analyzed the relation between social action and its legitimating construction, of domination and acceptance, regarding its structuring principles and concrete institutions, as well as the moral and material dimensions that can determine the action and its cognitive construction of meaning. As a research and analysis procedure, it started from the relation between the logical categories and their historical determinations pari passu with the exposure of the contradictions of the approaches that elevate these categories to a level of a rational ontological development without accumulations and historicity. In conclusion, when considering the insurmountable destructiveness of the capital metabolic system, the forms of management alterity, that define the societal management paradigm, which could be understood only by the moral structure, are also engendered as a historical necessity, which makes the construction of the public interest a moral and material necessity, indispensable for the realization of the emancipated or legitimate individual interest.