Perceptions of violence and social capital in Nuevo León, Mexico

Abstract The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between some dimensions of social capital and the observational incidence of different types of violence in the Metropolitan Area of Monterrey. In this analysis, we use the database of the Social Cohesion Survey for the Prevention of Violence and Delinquency (ECOPRED) as the primary source of information. The research data were analyzed using the statistical technique of the main components to determine the typology of social capital and the different types of violence. Subsequently, a multiple linear regression model was developed. Based on the results, it was shown that three dimensions of social capital, organized social networks, strong interpersonal trust, and high social expectations had a positive effect on the reduction of violence due to cohabitation or gangs, of damages against property, and of minor crimes. In conclusion, having some dimension of social capital is a community strategy to contain violence.