Permanent treatment suture for the treatment of congenital nerve palsy of III nerve

Abstract Paralysis of the third cranial nerve represents the most complex and challenging paralytic squint. The cases of complete III nerve paralysis encourages the use of certain strabismus surgery techniques in order to keep eye in primary position of gaze. However, the therapeutic possibilities are limited and complex and the surgical treatment tends to hypocorrection and frequent recurrences in the long term. Complete and congenital involvement of the third cranial nerve requires surgeries for exotropia, hypotropia and ptosis. Among the surgical techniques already described, we choose a modification of the surgical technique of recession-resection, which occurred in a single surgical time, being suffice to achieve aesthetic objective. This paper reports the positive result of the maintenance of caruncle traction suture as surgical treatment of congenital III nerve paralysis.