Populational fluctuation of lace bug in cassava
ABSTRACT: Vatiga illudens is a pest of economic importance for the cultivation of cassava. Knowing the time of incidence of this insect in combination with environmental factors enables control strategies. The objective of this study was to determine the population dynamics of V. illudens in cassava cultivars and the correlation of these insects for climatic factors in Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul. Four cultivars of cassava were evaluated: Kiriris, N-25, IAC 90 and Fécula Branca. Population assessment of the lace bug was conducted over 18 months observing 2 crop cycles. Fortnightly, they were randomly sampled four central plants of each plot and five leaves from the middle third of each plant, quantifying the number of nymphs and adults per leaf. Twenty months after planting cassava, two central rows of each plot were harvested and measured productivity in kg ha-1. The experimental design was randomized blocks with four treatments and two replications. The peak population of nymphs and adults for the first crop cycle occurred during the months from March to May. For the second cycle, these population indices happened in the months from January to April. Cultivar Kiriris showed the highest mean number of nymphs and adults per leaf cassava and cultivar IAC 90, the lowest number of insects. There was a negative correlation between the population of adult insects and root yield. The maximum, mean and minimum temperatures affected the population of nymphs V. illudens. These results are fundamental to define management strategies for control of lace bug.