Prevalence of temporomandibular joint disorder in people with Parkinson’s disease in a public university hospital

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular joint disorder in people with Parkinson’s disease in a public university hospital, and relate it to sociodemographic factors, general health and oral health self-report, and phase and time of illness. Methods: the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders were used. The sample was classified according to the diagnosis of temporomandibular disorder and associated with the variables. The odds ratio of Chi-square was applied with a 95% confidence interval and a level of significance set at p<0.05. Results: 110 people presented with Parkinson's disease were assessed. The prevalence of temporomandibular disorder was 35%, being more frequent among males (58%), in elderly people (53%), in phase 2 of the disease (61%), click (37%) being the predominant clinical indication. Of the variables analyzed, only gender and self-perception of oral health showed to be associated with temporomandibular disorders. Conclusion: the presence of temporomandibular disorder has been observed in people with Parkinson's disease, and the fact of being male and reporting moderate oral health seen as associated factors.