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RESEARCHING NEW WAYS TO REDUCE N2O EMISSION FROM A GRANULAR SLUDGE SEQUENCING BATCH REACTOR TREATING DOMESTIC WASTEWATER UNDER SUBTROPICAL CLIMATE CONDITIONS

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posted on 24.07.2019 by Gilberto C. Daudt, Jéssica A. Xavier, Bianca Meotti, Lorena B. Guimarães, Rejane H. R. da Costa

ABSTRACT N2O emissions from wastewater treatment plants have become an important issue, since this compound is a significant greenhouse gas that affects the sustainability of sewage treatment. This work aimed to investigate and to reduce N2O emission from a pilot-scale aerobic granular sludge sequencing batch reactor (AGS-SBR) operated for carbon and nitrogen removal from domestic wastewater under subtropical climate condition. Three operational strategies (S-I, S-II and S-III) with different anoxic phase durations were compared regarding treatment efficiency and N2O emission. For all the studied strategies, volatile suspended solids (VSS) was between 1.0 and 1.2 g/L. S-III, with the longest anoxic phase, obtained the highest biological oxygen demand (BOD) and NH4+-N removal efficiencies (86% and 84%, respectively), the lowest N2O emission factor (16.99 gN2O-N/person·year) and the lowest total nitrogen (TN) to N2O conversion ratio (0.47%). The results indicated that the extension of the anoxic phase was an effective way to significantly reduce N2O emission and to improve treatment efficiency.

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