Reconstruction of gait biomechanical parameters using cyclograms and artificial neural networks

<div><p>Abstract Introduction Historically, assessing the quality of human gait has been a difficult process. Advanced studies can be conducted using modern 3D systems. However, due to their high cost, usage of these 3D systems is still restricted to research environments. 2D systems offer simpler and more affordable solutions. Methods In this study, the gait of 40 volunteers walking on a treadmill was recorded in the sagittal plane, using a 2D motion capture system. The extracted joint angles data were used to create cyclograms. Sections of the cyclograms were used as inputs to artificial neural networks (ANNs), since they can represent the kinematic behavior of the lower body. This allowed for prediction of future states of the moving body. Results The results indicate that ANNs can predict the future states of the gait with high accuracy. Both single point and section predictions were successfully performed. Pearson’s correlation coefficient and matched-pairs t-test ensured that the results were statistically significant. Conclusion The combined use of ANNs and simple, accessible hardware is of great value in clinical practice. The use of cyclograms facilitates the analysis, as several gait characteristics can be easily recognized by their geometric shape. The predictive model presented in this paper facilitates generation of data that can be used in robotic locomotion therapy as a control signal or feedback element, aiding in the rehabilitation process of patients with motor dysfunction. The system proposes an interesting tool that can be explored to increase rehabilitation possibilities, providing better quality of life to patients.</p></div>