Relationship between the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the limitation of activities and restriction of participation for individuals with leprosy
Abstract Introduction Leprosy is an infectious disease that can lead to physical disability. The SALSA scale and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) may be useful in the clinical management of these patients. Thus, the objective was to correlate the ICF with the limitation of activity and restriction to participation for individuals with leprosy, using the SALSA scale. Methodology This was an analytical and descriptive cross-sectional observational study, using the SALSA scale, related to mobility, self-care, work and skill domains. After the interview with the patients, the domains were codified by the ICF, using the codes related to activity and participation. Results The sample consisted of 30 individuals, with a mean age of 38.4, the majority being male. The SALSA scale mean score was 36.9 points, presenting a slight limitation of activities. The SALSA scale domains, together with the use of the ICF codes, show a slight to moderate difficulty in the great majority, with significant results (p≤0.05). The mobility domain was the only one to present task with complete difficulty. Conclusion The SALSA scale showed a slight limitation of activity in patients with leprosy, but when related to ICF, there were larger limitations, especially in the mobility domain.