Religion and education: the projects of the Portuguese Jesuits in times of exile in Brazil (1910-1938)
Abstract After the implementation of the Republic in Portugal, in October 5th, 1910, secular actions of the government reached the activities of religious orders. With the decrees of the new political system, members of the Society of Jesus exiled themselves in several countries, especially in Spain, Italy, and Brazil. A choice for Brazilian cities was encouraged by the common language, cultural approaches, but mainly by the religious projects developed in the country. This article aims to understand the actions of the Dispersed Portuguese Province members in Brazil in the first half of the twentieth century, with an analysis on the relationships between their pedagogical projects, the organization of a cultural mission, and the Catholic Restoration process. From the Cultural History, we also seek to understand how the forms of education were an instrument of cultural mediation on encouraging new ideas and worships by the Jesuits.