Reporting the utilization and perspectives of different surface active agents for bread making
Abstract The present study was planned to use surfactants in different concentrations along with varying amounts of shortening in the form of gels to prepare breads. For that purpose, SSL, CSL, PS-60 and GMS were used at level of 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 parts in combination with shortening @ 4.00, 3.75, 3.50 and 3.25 parts. The dough having surfactants gels resulted in longer resistance time and overall dough stability. The moisture and protein content of breads increased which is due to interactions of surfactant gels with starch and gluten fractions that result in increasing dough strength and baking quality. Significant increase in specific volume is observed in breads of GMS and PS-60 gels. The sensory evaluation was carried out by a panel of trained judges and the breads having GMS gels ranked highest for quality attributes. The average quality scores were higher for the SSL, CSL and PS-60 as compared to the control bread. On the whole, breads having surfactants gels were acceptable for all sensory characteristics.